3 edition of Tax on white-phosphorus matches. found in the catalog.
Tax on white-phosphorus matches.
United States. Congress. House
|Other titles||Investigation of manufacture of white phosphorus matches|
|Contributions||United States. Congress. House. Committee on Ways and Means|
|The Physical Object|
Posted 6/1/00 AM, 13 messages. Chemically, white phosphorus is more reactive than red phosphorus; It is polymeric and consists of chains of P 4 tetrahedra linked together as shown in the figure given below; Black Phosphorus properties: α-black and β-black are two forms of black phosphorus. When red phosphorus is heated in a sealed tube at K, a α-black form is formed.
United States President William H. Taft publicly asked Diamond Match to release their patent for the good of mankind. They did on Janu , Congress placed a high tax on matches made with white phosphorous. In white phosphorous matches are outlawed in England. In Maguire & Paterson stops production in Dublin. WHITE PHOSPHORUS MATCHES (PROHIBITION) [CAP. 1 CHAPTER 38 WHITE PHOSPHORUS MATCHES (Prohibition) ORDINANCE To prohibit the manufacture, sale and importation of matches made with white phosphorus. (1st October, )* (1st January, ) Enacted by ORDINANCE IX of 1. This Ordinance may be cited as the White Phosphorus Short title.
white phosphorus (uncountable) (chemistry) The most common allotrope of phosphorus; a yellow - white waxy solid that is insoluble in water and spontaneously combusts on exposure to air to form clouds of phosphorus pentoxide ; used as a military smokescreen and as an incendiary weapon. Matches-The manufacture of fire. invented book matches in The story as told, is a. legislation but raising the tax on white phosphorus-Author: Jaime Wisniak.
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Phossy jaw, formally known as phosphorus necrosis of the jaw, was an occupational disease affecting those who worked with white phosphorus (also known as yellow phosphorus) without proper safeguards. It was most commonly seen in workers in the matchstick industry in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
It was caused by white phosphorus vapour, which destroys the bones of the jaw. Congress passed a law placing a prohibitively high tax on white phosphorus matches. Present Day Butane lighters have largely replaced matches in many part. A match is a tool for starting a lly, matches are made of small wooden sticks or stiff end is coated with a material that can be ignited by frictional heat generated by striking the match against a suitable surface.
Wooden matches are packaged in matchboxes, and paper matches are partially cut into rows and stapled into matchbooks. In this Act, “white phosphorus” means the substance commonly known as white or yellow phosphorus. Prohibition of importation by addition to sect Act VIII of Rep.
by the Repealing Act, (I of ), s.2 and Schedule. Prohibition of use of white phosphorus in manufacture of matches. A Toxicological Profile for White Phosphorus was released in August This edition supersedes any white phosphorus was used to make matches, but another chemical with fewer harmful health effects has since replaced it.
In the military, white phosphorus is used in ammunitions such as mortar and artillery shells, and White phosphorus. White phosphorus is the most reactive, the least stable, the most volatile, the least dense, and the most toxic of the allotropes.
White phosphorus gradually changes to red phosphorus. This transformation is accelerated by light and heat, and samples of white phosphorus almost always contain some red phosphorus and accordingly appear yellow. After being used briefly to make matches, white phosphorus was adopted by the military primarily as an obscurant.
When phosphorus ignites, it produces clouds of Author: Ian Sample. Phosphorus is an extremely useful element present in everything from matches and fireworks to steel, bronze, fertilizers, pesticides, and even toothpaste.
It's also an essential part of all living things; we humans have phosphorus in our bones, nerve tissue, cells, and DNA. This title offers a comprehensive view of phosphorus, including its history, properties, compounds, and uses.
Other articles where White phosphorus is discussed: chemical industry: Phosphorus: White phosphorus is used in rodent poison and by the military for smoke generation. Red phosphorus, comparatively harmless, is used in matches.
Ferrophosphorus, a combination of phosphorus with iron, is used as an ingredient in high-strength low-alloy steel. In addition, the many organic compounds of. Search results 1 - 25 of United States Code: Oleomargarine, Adulterated Butter, and Process or Renovated Butter, and Oils, 26 U.S.C.
§§ (Suppl. 5 ). White Phosphorous Matches. This memorandum outlines and explains the provisions of tariff item No. which prohibits the entry into Canada of white phosphorous matches. Legislation Customs Tariff. Tariff item No. reads, in. Matches – The Making of Fire. January ; invented book matches in The story as told, is a.
legislation but raising the tax on white phosphorus-Author: Jaime Wisniak. In the late nineteenth century matches were made using sticks of poplar or Canadian pine wood, twice the length of the finished product.
These were secured into frames holding approximately 4, Both ends of the sticks were dipped into sulphur and then into a composition of white phosphorus, potassium chlorate, antimony sulphide, powdered glass and colouring. You can find a lot of information online, but be careful with what you read; many sites will have interesting trivia about matches, but will neglect to tell you which matches were widely used and which were expensive novelties.
Basic archetypal wood matches using. The Associated Press reported that an 8-year-old Afghan girl, Razia, was injured when a white phosphorus shell ripped through her home in the Tagab Valley of Kapisa province in June White Phosphorus - ToxFAQs™ CAS # This fact sheet answers the most frequently asked health questions (FAQs) about white phosphorus.
For more information, call the CDC Information Center at This fact sheet is one in a series of summaries about hazardous. White phosphorus, yellow phosphorus or simply tetraphosphorus (P 4) exists as molecules made up of four atoms in a tetrahedral structure.
The tetrahedral arrangement results in ring strain and instability. The molecule is described as consisting of six single P–P bonds. Two different crystalline forms are known. The α form is defined as the standard state of the element, but is actually.
Income tax and all other internal revenue measures, except those imposed on tobacco and alcohol, and on dealers in those products, were repealed by an act of March 3, (22 Stat. Internal taxes for nonrevenue purposes were imposed on oleomargarine, ; opium, ; beet sugar, ; and white phosphorus matches, White phosphorus munitions are weapons which use one of the common allotropes of the chemical element phosphorus is used in smoke, illumination and incendiary munitions, and is commonly the burning element of tracer ammunition.
Other common names include WP and the slang term "Willie Pete" or "Willie Peter" derived from William Peter, the World War II phonetic alphabet for.
The elimination of white phosphorus in British match factories eventually eliminated the disease in England. Inthe U.S. chose to place a ”punitive tax” on white phosphorus-based matches that was so high it made manufacturing them unrealistic. Pusey invented the matchbook, however, he placed the striking surface on the inside of the book so that all 50 matches would ignite at once.
Congress passed a law placing a prohibitively high tax on white phosphorus matches. Present Day. Butane light ers have largely replaced matches in many part of the world, Author: Puricare.German authors published an book: This campaign’s plan to outlaw the matches by getting the federal government to increase the tax on those matches and drives them out of the market.
Tax law passed inwas able to banned the sell of white phosphorus matches, so it disappeared. With this law, it helped eliminate phossy jaw.White phosphorus smoke also possesses physiological effects on the human body. White phosphorus smoke is composed of particles of phosphorus pentoxide, which reacts with moisture in the air or body to form phosphoric Size: 2MB.